The church, the fellowship of believers in the Lord Jesus, is not “spiritual Israel.” In fact, the church and Israel are two distinct groups.

The term “Israel” refers both to a land and a people. The people called Israel are the physical descendants of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; the land called Israel is what God promised to them.

God chose the Jewish people, Israel, to inherit the blessings of a covenant He made with Abraham. This covenant, the “Abrahamic Covenant”, provides title to the land of Israel to the people known as Israel.

It is an irrevocable and unconditional covenant which not only provides title to the land of Israel, it also promises a descendant, the Messiah Jesus, who would be the Savior of all who call upon His name.

In spite of Israel’s disobedience, in the future, God will fulfill every aspect of His covenant with her. God will purge Israel of unbelief during the future time known as the “Great Tribulation” or “the time of Jacob’s trouble”. This will ultimately result in her national acceptance of Jesus Christ as her Messiah.

Though, historically, most Jewish people have turned from their own Messiah, there has always been a remnant of believing Jewish people in every generation. This is all due to God’s grace.

Graciously, God will not reject nor replace Israel; graciously, God will not reject nor replace the church.

Though God has a future plan for national Israel, there is no such thing as national salvation. Each of us, Jew and Gentile, must personally put our faith in Jesus Christ in order to be saved.

Therefore, the church must see it as both a privilege and responsibility to lovingly extend the good news of salvation in Christ Jesus to all people groups, including the Jewish people.

Genesis 12:1-3; 13:14-15; 15:1-21; 17:1-21; 28:13; 35:10-12;
Deuteronomy 4:30-31; 7:6-8; 1
Samuel 12:22;
Psalm 105:6-10;
Isaiah 4:2-6; 43:21; 45:4;
Jeremiah 31:31-33;
Ezekiel 16:59-60;
Zechariah 12:10-13:9;
Matthew 1:1; Luke 1:68-73;
Romans 1:16: 3:1-2, 9:1-5; 10:1-4; 11:1-33;
Galatians 3:14-17

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